There are several health challenges affecting us, however we are going to look at just a few of them.


1. *Snoozing or Snoring*

There is nothing worse than the sound of someone snoring especially when you are trying to fall asleep. Maybe it is you who snores, and people tease you about the noise you make in your sleep. 

Snoring is not just noisy. Sometimes it is a sign of a serious medical problem that should be treated by a doctor.

Snoring is a fairly common problem that can happen to anyone β€” young or old. Snoring happens when a person can’t move air freely through his or her nose and mouth during sleep. That annoying sound is caused by certain structures in the mouth and throat.

The tongue, upper throat, soft palate, as well as big tonsils and adenoids vibrating against each other.

People usually find out they snore from the people who live with them. Snoring keeps other people awake and probably doesn’t let the snoring person get top quality rest, either.


People snore for many reasons. Here are some of the most common.


– _Bad positioning while asleep_

– _Seasonal allergies can make some people’s noses stuffy and cause them to snore._

– _Blocked nasal passages or airways (due to a cold or sinus infection) can cause a rattling snore._

– _Enlarged or swollen tonsils or adenoids may cause a person to snore.Tonsils and adenoids (adenoids are glands located inside of your head, near the inner parts of your nasal passages) help trap harmful bacteria, but they can become very big and swollen all of the time. Many kids who snore have this problem._

– _Drinking alcohol can relax the tongue and throat muscles too much, which partially blocks air movement as someone is breathing and can contribute to snoring noises._

– _Being overweight can cause narrowing of the air passages. Many people who are very overweight snore._

– _Snoring is also one symptom of a serious sleep disorder known as sleep apnea. When a person has sleep apnea, his or her breathing is irregular during sleep._ Typically, someone with sleep apnea will actually stop breathing for short amounts of time 30 to 300 times a night! It can be a big problem if the person doesn’t get enough oxygen.

People with this disorder often wake up with bad headaches and feel exhausted all day long. They may be very drowsy and have difficulty staying awake while having a conversation or even while driving. People affected by sleep apnea may be irritable and have difficulty concentrating, particularly in school, at work and with homework.


Hundreds of anti-snoring devices are available in the market. Some of them startle you awake when they sense you are snoring. Unfortunately, they may only work because they keep you awake!

Also, those small white strips some football players wear across their noses that look like a bandage is another anti-snoring device. Football players wear them during the game to breathe easier while running a play or making a tackle. Some people wear these breathing strips to stop snoring.

Other snoring solutions include.

1. tilting the top of a bed upward a few inches.

2.Changing sleeping positions (from the back to a side)

3. Not eating a heavy meal (or for an adult, not drinking alcohol) before bedtime. 

These ☝🏻kinds of “cures” may work only for someone who snores occasionally and lightly β€” or they may not work at all.

If you can’t stop snoring or the snoring becomes heavy, it’s a good idea to see a doctor. He or she might tell you how to keep your nasal passages clear and will check your tonsils and adenoids to be sure they aren’t enlarged and don’t have to be removed.

Some people need to lose weight, change their diets, or develop regular sleeping patterns to stop snoring. It may be helpful to remove allergy triggers (stuffed animals, pets, and feather/down pillows and comforters) from the person’s bedroom. The doctor might also suggest medications for allergies or congestion due to a cold.  

If someone might have sleep apnea, the doctor will order a test to monitor the person during sleep. This is usually done in a sleep center (a medical building that has equipment to monitor breathing during sleep).

The person is attached to machines that check heart rate, oxygen and carbon dioxide levels, eye movement, chest wall movement, and the flow of air through the nose. 

The doctor can then tell if the person has a disorder like sleep apnea. The best thing about the test is that it doesn’t hurt at all. After all, you sleep right through it!

Once doctors know what’s wrong, a person can be treated for it, usually with lifestyle changes, sometimes medicines, or even surgery, if necessary.

Solving a snoring problem allows everyone breathe and sleep a little easier.
2. *RASH*

That thing, red and itchy, but can also be bumpy, lumpy, or scaly is what we call a rash or rashes.

A rash can also be called dermatitis which is swelling (puffiness) or irritation of the skin. It can be red, dry, scaly, and itchy. 

Rashes can also include lumps, bumps, blisters and even pimples. Most people have had a rash or two. Some rashes, especially when combined with a fever, can be signs of serious illnesses.

Hives also called urticaria also can be serious because they can be a sign of an allergic reaction and the person may need immediate medical attention.

Hives, which are reddish or pale swellings, appear on a person’s body when a chemical called histamine  is released in response to an allergen. The trigger could be a certain food, medicine, or bug bite. A virus also can cause hives.

Here are some other common types of rashes:

– Eczema also called atopic dermatitis, is a common rash for kids and even growing adults. Eczema can cause dry, chapped, bumpy areas around the elbows and knees or more serious cases of red, scaly, and swollen skin all over the body.

– Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by skin contact with something irritating, such as a chemical, soap, or detergent. 

It can be red, swollen, and itchy. Even sunburn can be a kind of irritant dermatitis because it’s red and might itch while it’s healing.

– Allergic contact dermatitis is a rash caused by contact with an allergen . 

An allergen is something you are allergic to, such as rubber, hair dye, or nickel (a metal found in some jewelry). If you have nickel allergy, you might get a red, scaly, crusty rash wherever the jewelry touched the skin, like around your finger if you were wearing a ring.

– Urushiol an oil or resin contained in poison ivy, oak and sumac also can cause this kind of rash.


Some rashes form right away and others can take several days to occur. When a rash appears, you usually know it because it will start to bother you. If you develop a rash, always tell people around and most importantly see a nurse.

– Try not to scratch. If you do, the rash may take longer to heal and you’ll be more likely to develop an infection or scar.

– A visit to the doctor is a good idea if you have a rash. Although all rashes may look alike to you, your doctor or a dermatologist (a skin doctor), knows the difference. And knowing which kind of rash you have can help the dermatologist choose the best treatment to heal your rash.

– For eczema, the doctor may suggest special moisturizers called emollients .Emollients retain the water in your skin, keeping it soft and smooth while soothing the itchy feeling.

– For poison ivy, the doctor may recommend cool showers and calamine lotion. In more severe cases, a liquid or pill medicine called an antihistamine might be needed. It decreases itching and redness.

– For rashes that are caused by an allergen, including hives, the doctor will probably want more information. He or she will want to find out which food, substance, medicine, or insect caused your rash or hives. The doctor might recommend a medical test to determine which allergens are causing you trouble. It’s important to find this out because the best way to prevent rashes and hives caused by allergens is to avoid the problem food, substance, medicine, or bug.


Prevention is also the name of the game when it comes to other kinds of rashes:

– If a poison plant is your problem, learn what the plant looks like and avoid it. It also may help to wear long sleeves and pants when you are camping or in a bushy area.

– If bugs bite you, have a parent help you apply some insect repellent when you’ll be going outside.

– For allergic dermatitis or irritant contact dermatitis, try to avoid that substance. If you are allergic to nickel, wear only nickel-free jewelry. Or if you discover that bubble bath bothers your skin, don’t use it.

With eczema, stay away from harsh soaps that might dry out your skin. Also, make an effort to moisturize your skin with creams or ointments. Short, cool showers are a good idea, too, because hot showers and baths can further dry out your skin.

– When it comes to sun, you should always wear sunscreen to avoid a red and itchy sunburn.


You lean over to whisper something to your friend and you can tell by the look on your friend’s face that something is up. 

Could it be your breath? Maybe you shouldn’t have put extra onions on your food at lunch.

The good news is that bad breath happens to everyone once in a while. 

Let’s find out how to detect it, prevent it, and even treat it.

Bad breath is the common name for the medical condition known as *halitosis.* Many different things can cause halitosis β€” from not brushing your teeth to certain medical conditions. Sometimes, a person’s bad breath can blow you away and he or she may not realize there’s a problem. 

There are tactful (nice) ways of letting someone know about bad breath. You could offer mints or sugarless gum or even TomTom without having to say anything.

If you need to tell a friend that he or she has bad breath, you could say that you understand foods can cause bad breath because you’ve had it before yourself. By letting someone know that bad breath isn’t something unusual, you’ll make your friend feel more comfortable and less embarrassed about accepting your piece of TomTom.

Although everyone gets bad breath sometimes, if you have bad breath a lot, you may need to visit your dentist or doctor.

πŸ€” *What causes Bad Breath?*

Here are three common causes of bad breath:

– food and drinks such as garlic, onions,  orange juice, and soda.

– poor dental hygiene meaning not brushing  regularly.

– smoking and other tobacco use.

– Poor oral hygiene leads to bad breath because when food particles are left in your mouth, they can rot and start to smell. The food bits may begin to collect bacteria, which can be smelly too.

Not brushing your teeth regularly will let plaque (a sticky, colorless film) build up on your teeth. Plaque is a great place for bacteria to live and yet another reason why breath can turn foul.

*How to prevent Smelly breath*

 – Don’t smoke or use tobacco products. 

– Take care of your mouth by brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing once a day. 

– Brush your tongue, too, because bacteria can grow there. 

– Flossing once a day helps get rid of particles wedged between your teeth. 

– Visit your dentist twice a year for regular checkups and cleanings.

Not only will you get a thorough cleaning, the dentist will look around your mouth for any potential problems, including those that can affect breath. For example, gum disease.

If you’re concerned about bad breath, tell your doctor or dentist. But don’t be surprised if he or she leans in and take a big whiff!

Smell is one way doctors and dentists can help figure out what’s causing the problem. 

The way a person’s breath smells can be a clue to what’s wrong. For instance, if someone has uncontrolled diabetes, his or her breath might smell like acetone (the same stuff that’s in nail polish remover).

If you have bad breath all the time and the reason can’t be determined by your dentist, he or she may refer you to a doctor to make sure no other medical condition could be causing it. Sometimes sinus problem, and rarely liver or kidney problems, can cause bad breath.


There is a need for us to know that there are less complicated reasons for bad breath β€” like what you had for lunch or the food one eats..

So keep up with your brushing and flossing and you should be breathing easy β€” and odour free.

When you eat suya onions, brush that night. If you wait till the next morning, toothpaste won’t stop d kind of halitosis that will take over. Not even prayer.

Flossing is different from gaggling with water or mouth rinse. Flossing is d process of using a special dental thread to remove meat particles or anything stuck between d teeth.

Flossing removes plaque and food particles in places where a toothbrush cannot easily reach β€” under the gum line and between your teeth.

FACILITATOR: Ernest Okpako Ochuko (Valuex Member)

COMPILED BY: Valuex Information Management Department

Β© *_Explanetworks_*


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